Tuesday, June 25, 2019

01 Painting, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #41

Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun,  (1755–1842) 
Self-portrait in a Straw Hat, c. 1782
Oil on canvas
97.8 × 70.5 cm (38.5 × 27.8 in)
National Gallery

Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun (Marie Élisabeth Louise; 16 April 1755 – 30 March 1842), also known as Madame Lebrun, was a prominent French painter.

Her artistic style is generally considered part of the aftermath of Rococo, while she often adopts a neoclassical style. Vigée Le Brun cannot be considered a pure Neoclassicist, however, in that she creates mostly portraits in Neoclassical dress rather than the History painting. While serving as the portrait painter to Marie Antoinette, Vigée Le Brun works purely in Rococo in both her color and style choices.

Vigée Le Brun left a legacy of 660 portraits and 200 landscapes. In addition to private collections, her works may be found at major museums, such as the Hermitage Museum, London's National Gallery, and museums in continental Europe and the United States. More on Louise Élisabeth Vigée Le Brun




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Saturday, May 25, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #38

Theodor Grust (1859-1919)
Profile of a Woman, c. 1900
Oil on canvas
45.4 x 34.4 cm
Private Collection

Theodor Grust (1859-1919) was a German genre and porcelain painter from the Saxon town Meissen. Grust studied at the Academy in Dresden as a pupil of Theodor Grosse. Later he went to Munich. The artist travelled to Belgium and to the Netherlands before he settled down in his hometown Meissen. Grust worked there in the famous porcelain manufacture, where he created abstract and linear designs in the style of Henry van de Velde and pushed forward the development of Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) in the factory. As a genre painter the artist focused on bourgeois interiors. He was inspired by the great Flemish masters of this genre. More on Theodor Grust




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Tuesday, May 14, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #39

Theodor Grust, (1859-1919)
Red Cross Nurse, late 19th/early 20th century
oil on canvas
45.5 x 35.7 cm
Private Collection

Theodor Grust (1859-1919) was a German genre and porcelain painter from the Saxon town Meissen. Grust studied at the Academy in Dresden as a pupil of Theodor Grosse. Later he went to Munich. The artist travelled to Belgium and to the Netherlands before he settled down in his hometown Meissen. Grust worked there in the famous porcelain manufacture, where he created abstract and linear designs in the style of Henry van de Velde and pushed forward the development of Jugendstil (Art Nouveau) in the factory. As a genre painter the artist focused on bourgeois interiors. He was inspired by the great Flemish masters of this genre. More on Theodor Grust



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Sunday, April 7, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #37

Peter Doig
100 Years Ago (Carrera), 2001
Oil on canvas
229 x 358.5 cm
90 1/8 x 141 1/8 in
 Collection Centre Pompidou

Peter Doig's paintings have a tendency to disorientate us, even when they depict recognisable imagery such as figures and buildings. We are often plunged into an unreliable world of reflections, sometimes literally when we are presented with the icy lakes and watery depths .More on this painting

Peter Doig (born 17 April 1959) is a Scottish painter. One of the most renowned living figurative painters, he has settled in Trinidad since 2002. Peter Doig was born in Edinburgh, Scotland. In 1962 he moved with his family to Trinidad, where his father worked with a shipping and trading company, and then in 1966 to Canada. He moved to London to study at the Wimbledon School of Art in 1979-80, Saint Martin's School of Art, from 1980 to 1983, and Chelsea School of Art, in 1989-90, where he received an MA. In 1989, the artist held a part-time job as a dresser at the English National Opera.

Doig was invited to return to Trinidad in 2000, to take up an artist's residency with his friend and fellow painter Chris Ofili. In 2002, Doig moved back to the island, where he set up a studio at the Caribbean Contemporary Arts Centre near Port of Spain. He also became professor at the Fine Arts Academy in Düsseldorf, Germany. More on Peter Doig




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Sunday, March 31, 2019

01 Painting, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #36

Pál Fried (Hungarian 1893-1976) 
Woman with Guitar and Flamenco Dancer 
Oil on canvas 
26 x 24 in (66 x 61 cm)
Private Collection

Pál Fried (16 June 1893 in Hungary – 6 March 1976 in New York City) was a Hungarian artist. His oil paintings were usually of dancers, nudes, and portraits, and his subjects were almost always women, although he also painted Paris, seascapes, and cowboys and landscapes of the American West. He signed his paintings, as is usual in Hungarian, with his surname first as "Fried Pál". At times, this particular artist would make several, almost identical versions of the same oil painting, except he would use slightly different facial expressions and/or would try different colour schemes.

Fried immigrated to the United States in 1946 after World War II, and became a U.S. citizen in 1953. He lived in Los Angeles and New York City. More on Pál Fried




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Wednesday, March 27, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #33

Giovanni Boldini, (1842–1931)
Lina Cavalieri, c. 1901
Oil on canvas
Private collection

Natalina "Lina" Cavalieri (1874-1944) was an Italian opera soprano singer, actress, and monologist. She was painted by the Italian artist Giovanni Boldini (acquired by Maurice Rothschild) and by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862–1947). The latter is now the property of the Metropolitan Opera, the gift of Nicholas Meredith Turner in memory of his wife, the soprano Jessica Dragonette. Hers is the face that appears repeatedly, obsessively, in Piero Fornasetti's designs. More on Lina Cavalieri

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 in Ferrara, Italy – 11 July 1931 in Paris, France) was an Italian genre and portrait painter. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. Boldini was born in Ferrara, the son of a painter of religious subjects, and in 1862 went to Florence for six years to study and pursue painting. He only infrequently attended classes at the Academy of Fine Arts, but in Florence, met other realist painters known as the Macchiaioli, who were Italian precursors to Impressionism. 

Moving to London, Boldini attained success as a portraitist. He completed portraits of premier members of society. From 1872 he lived in Paris, where he became a friend of Edgar Degas. He also became the most fashionable portrait painter in Paris in the late 19th century. He was nominated commissioner of the Italian section of the Paris Exposition in 1889, and received the Légion d'honneur for this appointment.

A Boldini portrait of his former muse Marthe de Florian, a French actress, was discovered in a Paris flat in late 2010, hidden away from view on the premises that were unvisited for 70 years. The portrait has never been listed, exhibited or published and the flat belonged to de Florian's granddaughter who went to live in the South of France at the outbreak of the Second World War and never returned. A love-note and a biographical reference to the work painted in 1888, when the actress was 24, cemented its authenticity. The full length portrait of the lady in the same clothing and accessories, but less provocative, hangs in the New Orleans Museum of Art. More on Giovanni Boldini






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Saturday, March 23, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #35

Giovanni Boldini, (Italian, 1842-1931)
Portrait of Lina Cavalieri, c. 1901-1902
Black chalk
12.5 x 19.5cm (4 15/16 x 7 11/16in).
Private collection

Natalina "Lina" Cavalieri (1874-1944) was an Italian opera soprano singer, actress, and monologist. She was painted by the Italian artist Giovanni Boldini (acquired by Maurice Rothschild) and by the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862–1947). The latter is now the property of the Metropolitan Opera, the gift of Nicholas Meredith Turner in memory of his wife, the soprano Jessica Dragonette. Hers is the face that appears repeatedly, obsessively, in Piero Fornasetti's designs. More on Lina Cavalieri

Giovanni Boldini (31 December 1842 in Ferrara, Italy – 11 July 1931 in Paris, France) was an Italian genre and portrait painter. According to a 1933 article in Time magazine, he was known as the "Master of Swish" because of his flowing style of painting. Boldini was born in Ferrara, the son of a painter of religious subjects, and in 1862 went to Florence for six years to study and pursue painting. He only infrequently attended classes at the Academy of Fine Arts, but in Florence, met other realist painters known as the Macchiaioli, who were Italian precursors to Impressionism. 

Moving to London, Boldini attained success as a portraitist. He completed portraits of premier members of society. From 1872 he lived in Paris, where he became a friend of Edgar Degas. He also became the most fashionable portrait painter in Paris in the late 19th century. He was nominated commissioner of the Italian section of the Paris Exposition in 1889, and received the Légion d'honneur for this appointment.

A Boldini portrait of his former muse Marthe de Florian, a French actress, was discovered in a Paris flat in late 2010, hidden away from view on the premises that were unvisited for 70 years. The portrait has never been listed, exhibited or published and the flat belonged to de Florian's granddaughter who went to live in the South of France at the outbreak of the Second World War and never returned. A love-note and a biographical reference to the work painted in 1888, when the actress was 24, cemented its authenticity. The full length portrait of the lady in the same clothing and accessories, but less provocative, hangs in the New Orleans Museum of Art. More on Giovanni Boldini




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Thursday, March 21, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #32

Philip Krevoruck, (1919-1999)
Women Watching, circa 1940
Oil on canvas
20 x 16 in (50.8 x 40.6 cm)
Private Collection

Philip Krevoruck, (1919-1999)  was born January 26, 1919 in Fitchburg, MA. He was active/lived in New York, Massachusetts / China. He is known for abstract urban and industrial scene painting. Krevoruck completed 4 years of college prior to WWII and taught art. The artist is well versed in a variety of extraordinary styles. Particularly known for his WPA subjects, Krevoruck's work revealed a realistic portrayal of American life, exposing the true conditions of the urban city, industrial work environments and the everyday scenes of working class Americans. Krevoruck painted the faces of his fellow countrymen, the strengths, struggles, tribulations and stoic lives of everyday men and women. More on Philip Krevoruck




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Sunday, March 17, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #31

Gaetano Bellei, (Italian, 1857-1922)
Giornata di pioggia, (Rainy day), c. 1919
Oil on canvas
151.5 x 111cm (59 5/8 x 43 11/16in)
Private Collection

Capturing something of the Belle Époque, Bellei painted a number of large canvases which feature elegant women, either set in glamorous interiors, such as In the theatre and Off to the Masquerade, or battered by the elements, such as Gust of wind  and A windy day. These works allow the artist to demonstrate his skill in depicting cloth and costume. More on this painting

Gaetano Bellei was an Italian Academic Painter who was born in 1857. He later died in 1922 in the same city. He enhanced his artistic talent by learning art from Adeodato Malatesta and Comrade of John Muzzioli. When he was 24 year old, he won the Retired Potetti due which he was able to visit Rome to study arts. One of his most notable masterpieces is Rizpah which he completed there.

He took part in many local exhibitions in Florence. Afterwards, he came back to his native city became a professor in the Institute of Fine Arts Designer Polite. He was a master of fine art and used to use palette as a bright, fresh and creative tool. He was also a brilliant portrait artist. He has held many art exhibitions throughout his life, one such notable art exhibition was held in London in 1822 at The Royal Academy. More on Gaetano Bellei




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Thursday, March 14, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #30

Eugene de Blaas, (1843 - 1931)
The Water Carrier, c. 1908
Oil on Canvas
75 x 44
Private Collection

His colorful and rather theatrical period images of Venetian society, e.g. On the Balcony (1877; Private Collection), were quite different compared to delicate pastels and etchings of the courtyards, balcony and canals of modern Venice.

Eugene de Blaas' paintings were exhibited at the Royal Academy, Fine Art Society, New Gallery and Arthur Tooth and Sons Gallery in London, and also at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. More on this painting

Eugene de Blaas, (24 July 1843 – 10 February 1932), was an Italian painter in the school known as Academic Classicism. He was born at Albano, near Rome, to Austrian parents. His father Karl, also a painter, was his teacher. The family moved to Venice when Karl became Professor at the Academy of Venice. He often painted scenes in Venice, but also portraits and religious paintings. More on Eugene de Blaas




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Thursday, March 7, 2019

01 Painting, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #29

Eugen von Blaas, 1843 - 1931, AUSTRIAN
A STOLEN GLANCE, c. 1896
Oil on panel
78 by 39cm., 30¾ by 15¼in
Private Collection

Eugene de Blaas, (24 July 1843 – 10 February 1932), was an Italian painter in the school known as Academic Classicism. He was born at Albano, near Rome, to Austrian parents. His father Karl, also a painter, was his teacher. The family moved to Venice when Karl became Professor at the Academy of Venice. He often painted scenes in Venice, but also portraits and religious paintings. More on Eugene de Blaas



Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceAnd visit my Boards on Pinterest

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Thursday, February 28, 2019

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #28

Edgar Degas
At the Mirror, c. 1889
Pastel on paper
49 x 64 cm
Kunsthalle, Hamburg

Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917) was a French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance; more than half of his works depict dancers. He is regarded as one of the founders of Impressionism, although he rejected the term, preferring to be called a realist. He was a superb draftsman, and particularly masterly in depicting movement, as can be seen in his renditions of dancers, racecourse subjects and female nudes. His portraits are notable for their psychological complexity and for their portrayal of human isolation.

At the beginning of his career, Degas wanted to be a history painter, a calling for which he was well prepared by his rigorous academic training and close study of classic art. In his early thirties, he changed course, and by bringing the traditional methods of a history painter to bear on contemporary subject matter, he became a classical painter of modern life. More on Edgar Degas




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Thursday, March 1, 2018

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY., with Footnotes. #27

Romina Ressia, Argentina
The Woman & The Hen
Photography
Size: 11.8 H x 7.9 W x 0 in

A bedraggled hen is rescued from certain starvation by an old woman. The old woman leads a meagre existence, but willing and generously shares food and water with the hen. The hen, it turns out, is capable of laying crystal eggs which reveal within their shells visions of future disasters. The woman attempts to warn her neighbours of an impending flood, but is ridiculed and mocked by the whole village. The woman faces further threats from a young hoodlum who imagines that the hen might provide him with riches garnered by selling its crystal eggs.

Unwilling to lose the hen -- her only friend -- but also rather unwilling to give up the egg, the old woman again sees another vision in the egg which helps her determine that the best course is to give up the egg.

In spite of her now homeless state, the old woman never loses faith. She believes firmly in the ability of the hen to bring her luck. And indeed the folktale ends with the fulfilment of the old woman's dreams. More on The Woman & The Hen

Romina Ressia (born March 11, 1981) is a multi-award winning photographer and artist from Buenos Aires, Argentina. She is well known for her anachronisms and her strong Renaissance influence. Her works have been featured by The Huffington Post, Interview, Vanity Fair, Vogue Italia and The Wild Magazine, among others. The Wall Street International wrote, "Romina's photography provokes and challenges us to confront things which may seem uncomfortable however manages to provide a reassuring quality. This juxtaposition between comfort and uncomfortable is a powerful one which resonates throughout her practice.

Ressia was born on March 11, 1981, in Azul (Buenos Aires province), Argentina. At the age of 19 she moved to Capital Federal to study, where she graduated as an accountant with a Bachelor of Business Administration at the UBA. She later abandoned those professions to devote herself to photography. She studied photography, art direction and scenery at several institutions, including the Teatro Colon.

She started in fashion photography but was gradually moving to fine arts, venturing beyond photography into mixed media. Her works are represented by galleries in the UK, New York, Switzerland and Italy, and they have been exhibited in major cities such as New York, Milan, Zurich, Paris and Buenos Aires. More on Romina Ressia



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Sunday, February 25, 2018

01 Paintings, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, of the 18th & 19th C., with Footnotes. #22

Sir John Everett Millais, Bt 1829–1896
Mariana, c. 1851
Oil paint on mahogany
597 x 495 x 15 mm
Tate

Rejected by her fiancé, Angelo, after her dowry was lost in a shipwreck, Mariana leads a lonely existence in a moated grange. She is still in love with Angelo - now Deputy to the Duke of Vienna - and longs to be reunited with him. 

In the picture the autumn leaves scattered on the ground mark the passage of time. Mariana has been working at some embroidery and pauses to stretch her back. Her longing for Angelo is suggested by her pose and the needle thrust fiercely into her embroidery. The stained-glass windows in front of her show the Annunciation, contrasting the Virgin's fulfilment with Mariana's frustration and longing. Millais copied the scene from the window of the Chapel of Merton College, Oxford. However, the heraldic design appears to have been his own invention. The motto 'In coelo quies' means 'In Heaven there is rest' and clearly refers to Mariana's desire to be dead. The snowdrop symbolises 'consolation' and is also the birthday flower for 20 January, St Agnes' Eve, when young girls put herbs in their shoes and pray to St Agnes to send them a vision of their future husband. It may also refer indirectly to John Keats's narrative. More on this painting

Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, (8 June 1829 – 13 August 1896) was an English painter and illustrator. he was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.

A child prodigy, at the age of eleven Millais became the youngest student to enter the Royal Academy Schools. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was founded at his family home in London. Millais became the most famous exponent of the style, his painting Christ in the House of His Parents (1850) generating considerable controversy. By the mid-1850s Millais was moving away from the Pre-Raphaelite style and developing a new and powerful form of realism in his art. His later works were enormously successful, making Millais one of the wealthiest artists of his day. While early 20th-century critics, reading art through the lens of Modernism, viewed much of his later production as wanting, this perspective has changed in recent decades, as his later works have come to be seen in the context of wider changes and advanced tendencies in the broader late-nineteenth-century art world.

Millais's personal life has also played a significant role in his reputation. His wife Effie was formerly married to the critic John Ruskin, who had supported Millais's early work. The annulment of the marriage and her wedding to Millais have sometimes been linked to his change of style, but she became a powerful promoter of his work and they worked in concert to secure commissions and expand their social and intellectual circles. More on Sir John Everett Millais






Acknowledgement: Tate, and others

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