Tuesday, March 24, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #84

Tamineh Monzavi
Brides of Mokhber al-Dowleh, 2012
Archival digital pigment print.
W.25 in; H.17.25 in; W.63.5 cm;H. 43.82 cm;
Private collection

 "The brides of Mokhber al-Dowleh”, is named after an old Teheran district

Tahmineh Monzavi is an Iranian photographer. Her works have been exhibited in museums in several countries, and published by international art magazines and books. She received the Sheed Award in 2011.

Monzavi received a bachelor's degree in photography from Azad Art & Architecture University of Tehran. In 2005, she began her professional career as a documentary photographer, with a focus on social issues. In 2009, she made a long documentary film about a group of addicted women who live in a shelter in south of Tehran. 

In 2011 she received the prestigious Sheed Award, an independent, non-profit, private photography award. This award is given to a social documentary photographer each year, and is the only Iranian photography competition to have internationally qualified members.

Her photographs have also been exhibited in several museums around the world, such as the Modern Art Museum of the City of Paris, and the Literature museum of Georgia. This series has been shown in Silkroad art Gallery in Tehran, as well as in Paris, Rome, Vienna, Boston and South Korea. She has also done a project on Transsexualism, which addresses how a minority within traditional Iranian society yearns for and attempts to find wider social acceptance and recognition. Monzavi’s vision was changed after a month of being imprisoned; she began looking at Iranian society differently. After a year of inactivity, she began to work on a project called "All about me; nicknamed Queen maker" in which she covers deep feelings of womanhood and womanly dreams. More on Tahmineh Monzavi






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Friday, March 20, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY with Footnotes. #84

Jules Frédéric Ballavoine, (1855 - 1901)
Portrait of Gypsy 
Oil on canvas
40 x 32.5 cm
Private collection

The Gypsy, or Romani, colloquially known as Roma, are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, traditionally itinerant, living mostly in Europe and the Americas. The Romani originate from the northern Indian subcontinent,from the Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab regions of modern-day India. More on the Gypsy

Julles Frederick Ballavoine, American, 1855 - 1901, was born in Paris in 1855 and died in 1901. He is considered a still-life, genre and landscape painter from the French school. He received his formal art training at the L'Ecole de Beaux-Art.

Ballavoine found incredible success as a painter of small Paris street scenes, which have been compared to those of Jean Beraud (1849-1910) and small light filled still-lifes.

Ballavoine debuted at the Salon of 1877 with "le bouquet campagne." At the Salon of 1882 with "Surprise", "Le Marche aux fleurs" and "La Petite Bohemienne" and at the Salons of 1883 and 1886 with "Parmi les rochers" and "Sur la terrasse." At the 1886 Paris Salon, Ballavoine and was awarded a metal for "La seance interrompue." He also exhibited at the Salon of 1890 and 1897. He continued exhibiting his still-lifes, portraits, Paris street scenes and historical genre paintings. All of his exhibitions received critical acclaim, which helped him become a very successful painter. His works can be found in private and public collections in both the United States and Europe. 

Biography courtesy of Roughton Galleries, www.antiquesandfineart.com/roughton







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Sunday, March 15, 2020

02 works, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, meet Marta Marzotto, with Footnotes. #83

Renato Guttuso, (1912 - 1987)
Marta Marzotto
Mixed technique on cardboard, c. 1970
51x37
Private collection

Marta Marzotto , born Marta Vacondio ( Albinea , 24 February 1931 - Milan , 29 July 2016 ), was a model , stylist and Italian socialite, and also an actress. Her mother was a signalwoman on a toll road and worked in the textile industry. Her father was a railway worker. As a girl Marta worked in the region’s rice fields. Determined to seek a better future, she learned the seamstress’s craft in the city of Pavia, south of Milan, and became a model.

It was beside a catwalk in Venice that she met Count Marzotto. They married in 1954 and had five children.

From the late sixties she was the dominant female figure in the painting and private life of Renato Guttuso. The latter, after having met her in the living room of the Marchi in Milan , represented her in many works, including the above work. The relationship between the two suddenly ceased after about twenty years. In 1976 he met Lucio Magri : she also had an important relationship with him, which lasted ten years

Renato Guttuso, (1912 - 1987)
Marta, c. 1987
27-colour materic serigraph on canvas
Private collection

This Painting was commissioned by Marta Marzotto, ‘Guttuso’s lover’, in 150 copies to give to friends. The signature HC demonstrate that these were not intended for sale. The print run was made in 1987, the signature is on the plate; title: ‘Marta’. 

She was also an actress, known for Summer Night with Greek Profile, Almond Eyes and Scent of Basil (1986), Il Quizzone (1994) and Quelli che... il calcio (1993).

Marta Marzotto, a fashion and jewelry designer, former model, countess and hostess to the famous, died on July 29, 2016 in Milan, at 85. More on Marta Marzotto

Renato Guttuso (26 December 1912 – 18 January 1987) was an Italian painter. His best-known works include Flight from Etna (1938–39), Crucifixion (1941) and La Vucciria (1974). Guttuso also designed for the theatre and did illustrations for books. Those for Elizabeth David’s Italian Food (1954), introduced him to many in the English-speaking world. A fierce anti-Fascist, "he developed out of Expressionism and the harsh light of his native land to paint landscapes and social commentary."

He was born in Bagheria, near Palermo in Sicily, but from 1937 lived and worked largely in Rome. In his youth he joined the Gruppo universitario fascista, but later he became an anti-fascist and atheist. He joined the banned Italian Communist Party (PCI) in 1940 and left Rome to become an active participant in the partisan struggle from 1943. He was also an opponent to the Mafia. In 1972 Guttuso was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. In 1976 he was elected to the Italian Senate as a PCI representative for the Sicilian constituency of Sciacca.

Guttuso became a member of an artistic movement named "Corrente". The movement stood for free and open attitudes, in opposition to the official culture, and chose a strong anti-fascist position in thematic choices through the years of the Spanish Civil War.

Mimise Dotti-Guttuso died on 6 October 1986. Guttuso was soon to follow his wife. He died in Rome of lung cancer at the age of 75 on 18 January 1987. On his deathbed, he allegedly embraced again the Christian faith with which he had been critical. However, there are doubts as to what really happened—in his last months, when he was bedridden, a circle of politicians and priests excluded his oldest friends from his villa. He donated many of his works to his hometown Bagheria, which are now housed in the museum of the Villa Cattolica. More on Renato Guttuso






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Saturday, March 14, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #82

Paula Bronstein
Two women taking a selfie
Photograph
Getty Images

Two women were photographed taking a selfie on the Talo Kapo beach in Pattani, Thailand, on June 5th, during Eid al-Fitr festivities. Eid al-Fitr marks the end of Ramadan, a month of fasting, prayer, and reflection for Muslims. Artsy Magazine

Paula Bronstein is a photojournalist who entered the profession in 1982 in Providence, Rhode Island. She is now based in Bangkok where she works for Getty Images. Bronstein was a nominated finalist for the Breaking News 2011 Pulitzer Prize.

Bronstein majored in photography at the University of Colorado and at Austria's Salzburg College before specializing in photojournalism at the Rochester Institute of Technology where she graduated in fine arts. She embarked on her career in the United States at the Providence Journal Bulletin before spending 12 years with the New Haven Register and the Hartford Courant. In 1996, she became a staff photographer at the Chicago Tribune and then worked for The Register-Guard in Oregon.

Since 1998, Bronstein has been based in Bangkok. In June 2002, she joined Getty Images where she has covered conflicts and news stories throughout the wider Asian region including Kashmir, Afghanistan, Indonesia and Pakistan. More on Paula Bronstein







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Wednesday, March 4, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #81

Alex Katz
Vivien X 5, 2018
Screenprint in colors on Saunders Waterford 425gsm paper
40 x 96 in (101.6 x 243.84 cm)
Private collection

Alex Katz, (born July 24, 1927, New York, U.S.), American figurative painter known for his large-scale simplified images of family and friends. Katz created iconic paintings documenting the American scene and later the American landscape through understated but monumental glimpses of the vernacular world.

After returning from a period in the navy in 1946, he enrolled at Cooper Union School of Art in New York City. In 1949 he attended the Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture in Maine, where he began to work more closely from the landscape. When Katz moved to Manhattan in 1950, Abstract Expressionism was the reigning style. Katz at first rendered the figure in a painterly style, looking to the example of Abstract Expressionism. This manner of painting quickly gave way in the mid-1950s to a flatter, more reductive way of painting. He painted many pictures of his wife, Ada, and many group portraits in this stylized manner against flat, unmodulated coloured backgrounds. His canvases increased in size throughout the 1960s and ’70s, and he produced a number of multipaneled paintings. His great admiration for Henri Matisse and the School of Paris is evident in his work, as is his interest in the American vernacular tradition from the Ashcan School through Pop art.

In addition to painting, Katz experimented early on with collage, and in the 1960s he began to make freestanding cutout figures. He also contributed to the print renaissance of the 1960s by making lithographs and screen prints. His work from the 1990s is dominated by simple views of nature. Katz had his first museum retrospective at the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York City in 1986. He donated much of his art to the Colby College Museum of Art in Waterville, Maine, which dedicated an entire wing to his work. More on Alex Katz







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Sunday, March 1, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #80

Nico Jungman, (British, 1872-1935)
'Stefi Geyer' 
Watercolour
43.8 x 27.9cm (17 1/4 x 11in).
Private collection

Stefi Geyer (June 28, 1888 in Budapest – December 11, 1956 in Zürich) was a Hungarian violinist who was considered one of the leading violinists of her generation.

Born in 1888 in Budapest, the daughter of a police doctor who played the violin himself. When she was 5 years old she started playing the violin, with remarkable results for someone who had not practiced at all. She subsequently studied under Jenő Hubay.

Her first marriage was to Vienna lawyer Edwin Jung. He died during the flu epidemic of the First World War. In 1920 she married Swiss composer Walter Schulthess. She moved to Zürich, where she gave concerts, and taught at the Zürich Conservatory from 1934 to 1953. She schooled numerous musicians, among them composer Klaus Huber. More on Stefi Geyer

Nicolaas Wilhelm Jungmann (5 February 1872 – 14 August 1935) was an Anglo-Dutch painter of landscapes and figural subjects, a book-illustrator and decorator.

Jungmann was born in Amsterdam, where he was apprenticed to a church painter, and studied at the Rijksakademie. He came to London around 1893 on a scholarship and became a naturalised British subject, returning to the Netherlands frequently, to paint in Volendam. In 1900, Jungmann married Beatrix Mackay. As a naturalised Briton, he was interned by German forces during the First World War, which led eventually to the dissolution of his marriage. Jungmann made several painting excursions to Brittany and Holland with his friend and fellow-painter Charles W. Bartlett. He illustrated topographical books on Holland (1904) and Norway (1905) for which his wife Beatrix wrote the text, as well as one on Normandy (1905) with a text by Geraldine Edith Mitton. He died, aged 63, in London. More on Nicolaas Wilhelm Jungmann






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Thursday, February 20, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #79

Jozef Danyi, Czech Republic
Mumie
Photograph, C-type on Paper
23.6 W x 23.6 H

Mummy, body embalmed, naturally preserved, or treated for burial with preservatives after the manner of the ancient Egyptians. The process varied from age to age in Egypt, but it always involved removing the internal organs (though in a late period they were replaced after treatment), treating the body with resin, and wrapping it in linen bandages. Among the many other peoples who practiced mummification were the people living along the Torres Strait, between Papua New Guinea and Australia, and the Incas of South America. More on Mummy

Jozef Danyi was born in 1969. He lives and works in the picturesque city of Bruntál, Czech Republic. He is a self-taught photographer who specializes primarily in portrait photography, and his production has the hallmarks of mastering of a widely opened diaphragm and dramatic utilization of light. His distinctive creation is characteristic not only by its composition, but also sensitivity and sensuality. He has been actively participating in the International Photographic Salons since 2012, where he has received 53 awards so far. He published his photographs in the book Sensual Photography, and in many other international photographic catalogst. He is an active member of the Czech Federation of Art Photography (CFFU) and the International Federation of Photographic Art. More on Jozef Danyi





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Sunday, February 9, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #78

Alfred Stieglitz, (1864-1946)
Portrait of Marie Rapp at 291, c. 1941
Platinum print
9 3/4 x 7 7/8 inches (248 x 197 mm)
Private collection

Marie Rapp was Alfred Stieglitz's secretary at his 291 Gallery, and a lifelong friend. She not only helped run the gallery but assisted with the publication of Camera Work. He photographed her many times. A close friend and confidante, she was an excellent subject, her natural grace and beauty resulting in a touching image. More on this work

Alfred Stieglitz (January 1, 1864 – July 13, 1946) was the eldest child of highly cultured and prosperous parents. The family of eight spent winters in New York City and summered on the shores of Lake George in upper New York State, as did Stieglitz until his death in 1946. The family went abroad in 1881, where Alfred pursued advanced training in Germany, first as an engineer, and after 1883 as a photographer. By the time he returned to New York in 1890, the quality of his work and the originality of his technical research had earned him a considerable reputation and he soon became widely recognized as one of America's leading artists in photography. Through publications such as Camera Notes (1897-1900) and Camera Work (1903-17), and his active role in photography exhibitions, he played a pivotal role in introducing to Americans the idea that photography, far from just a means of providing a mechanical record, was an art form with its own aesthetic qualities and standards.


In the years before and during World War I, Stieglitz exhibited the work of many of Europe's leading avant-garde artists, as well as emerging American artists and photographers, at the Photo-Secession Gallery, 291. In a succession of galleries thereafter he supported such distinguished American artists as Arthur Dove, Marsden Hartley, John Marin, Gaston Lachaise (1882-1935), and Georgia O'Keeffe (1887-1986). More on Alfred Stieglitz 




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Saturday, February 8, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #77

Boris Georgiev, (1888 - 1962)
Haydarabad Princess Nilufar
Oil on canvas
50 x 65.5 cm
Private collection

Princess Begum Sahiba Niloufer Khanum Sultana Farhat of Hyderabad (4 January 1916 – 12 June 1989) was one of the last princesses of the Ottoman Empire. She was married to the second son of the last Nizam of Hyderabad in India.

Niloufer was born at the Göztepe Palace in Istanbul, Turkey, at a time when her mother's family was ruling the Ottoman Empire. Her father was Damad Moralizada Salaruddin Bey Effendi, a prominent member of the Ottoman court. 

At the end of World War I, the ruling dynasty was deposed and Turkey was declared a republic. Later, in 1924, the Ottomans were exiled from Turkey. They settled in France

On December 20, 1931, at her maternal uncle's Hilafat Palace in Nice, Niloufer was married at age 16 to Moazzam Jah, second son of the last ruling Nizam of Hyderabad. 

Unlike other ladies in her family (this is true of both her natal family in Turkey and her marital family in India) who felt that their dignity and honour lay in not making public spectacles of themselves, Niloufer preferred to move about the city quite freely, leaving the palace frequently to attend public engagements, cocktail parties and late-night revels.  Her beauty and active public life received mention in the press, and she was featured on the cover pages of magazines. She was judged as one of the 10 most beautiful women in the world and was even offered several roles in films.

Niloufer made known to her father-in-law the problems arising due to this lack of medical facilities. As a result, a specialty hospital for women and children was built in the Red Hills area of the city. Indeed, the hospital was named Niloufer Hospital in her honour and she was named its patron. It was at her father-in-law's behest that Niloufer, during World War II, obtained training as a nurse, and helped in relief efforts in Hyderabad, where some Indian soldiers who had suffered injuries in the war theatres of Europe or East Asia were brought for recuperation. 

Niloufer did not conceive a child. She travelled to Europe to consult doctors, because there were no specialist obstetricians in Hyderabad. In 1948, 17 years after his marriage to Niloufer, her husband Moazzam Jah took a second wife- Razia Begum, daughter of a local aristocrat in Hyderabad, which was in accordance with both Islamic law and tradition. 

Eventually, in 1952, after 21 years of marriage, Niloufer and her husband were divorced. After her divorce, Niloufer moved to France where the Ottoman family had settled after their exile from Turkey. Niloufer maintained an active social life. On February 21, 1963, in Paris, Niloufer married Edward Julius Pope, an American war hero, author, and film producer. She died in Paris on June 12, 1989. More on Princess Nilufar

Boris Georgiev was born in Varna in 1888 and dies in Rome in 1962. His artistic education first took place in St. Petersburg (1905-1909), and then at the Munich Academy. In St. Petersburg, his teacher was Nikolay Roerich, whom he will later follow in the spiritual path, aesthetic ideas, and the worship of the wisdom of the East.

After completing his education, the artist began his remarkable journey - in Italy, France, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, Finland, Greece, Spain, Morocco.In 1929 he approached Albert Einstein, who highly appreciated his art and helped him to open an exhibition in Berlin. More on Boris Georgiev




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Thursday, February 6, 2020

01 work, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #76

Mosè Bianchi, (1840 - 1904)
Common lady, c. 1897
Oil on canvas
71 x 115 cm
Private collection

Mosè Bianchi ( Monza , 1840-1904) was an Italian painter and printmaker. Bianchi's family moved from Monza to Milan and he enrolled at the Brera Academy . Having interrupted his studies to serve in the second war of independence, he returned to attend the school directed by Giuseppe Bertini .

The award of a grant in 1867 enabled him to visit Venice and then Paris in 1869. He took part with some success at the Brera exhibitions and the Vienna Exhibition of 1873. It was in this period That he Began to paint genre scenes in 18th- century settings and numerous portraits, soon becoming one of the most popular artists on demand with the Milanese middle classes. He returned to Venice in 1879 and visited Chioggia for the first time. Gignese , views of Milan and Venice along the streets of Gignese. More on Mosè Bianchi





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Saturday, February 1, 2020

02 works, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, with Footnotes. #75

Edouard Boubat, (1923 - 1999)
Lella, Bretagne, c. 1970
Gelatin silver print on Agfa paper
 37.4 x 25.8 cm (40.5 x 30.4 cm)
Private collection

After the World War II, the time Boubat shared with his sister and her friends, was the happiest for him, marked by the meeting of Lella who would become his friend, his model and, in 1947, his wife.

In this work, the young woman with dark hair, bust forward like the bow of a ship, seems to contemplate the future. This woman is Lella. With her and a friend, Séguis, Edouard Boubat goes on vacation. They share their common passion for art, they love each other.

"Lella was inseparable from her friend Seguis The freshness of Edouard Boubat's gaze, dazzled by this bewitching double femininity was a great moment in photography." Agathe Gaillard

The transparency of the blouse, in this work, allowing one to discover the bare neck and the black bra, allows Boubat to play effects of matter and subtle gradations of whites and grays. More on this work

Some consider this photo the masterpiece of Edouard Boubat. 

Édouard Boubat (13 September, 1923–died Paris 30 June 1999) was a French photojournalist and art photographer.

Boubat was born in Montmartre, Paris. He studied typography and graphic arts at the École Estienne and worked for a printing company before becoming a photographer. In 1943 he was subjected to service du travail obligatoire, forced labour of French people in Nazi Germany. He took his first photograph after the war in 1946 and was awarded the Kodak Prize the following year. He travelled the world for the French magazine Réalités, and later worked as a freelance photographer. French poet Jacques Prévert called him a "peace correspondent" as he was a humanist, apolitical and photographed uplifting subjects. His son Bernard Boubat is also a photographer. More on Édouard Boubat







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