Sunday, January 29, 2023

06 works, PORTRAIT OF A LADY, The Nieces of Cardinal Mazarin at the court of King Louis XIV of France, with Footnotes. #159

Unknown artist
The Nieces of Cardinal Mazarin
Oil and copper
height: 35 cm (13.7 in); width: 41.5 cm (16.3 in) (1.3 in) Edit this at Wikidata
Musée des Beaux-Arts de la ville de Paris 

Depicted: Hortense Mancini, Olympia Mancini, Marie Mancini

After Pierre Mignard
Portrait of Olympia Mancini as Aphrodite
Oil on canvas
73 x 59 cm
Private collection

Olympia Mancini, Countess of Soissons (11 July 1638 – 9 October 1708) was the second-eldest of the five celebrated Mancini sisters, who along with two of their female Martinozzi cousins, were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes because their uncle.

Olympia was married on 24 February 1657 to Prince Eugène-Maurice of Savoy (1633–1673), by whom she had eight children, amongst whom was the famous field marshal Prince Eugene of Savoy. At court, the Count of Soissons (comte de Soissons) was addressed as Monsieur le Comte. As his wife, Olympia was referred to at court as Madame la comtesse.

Olympia was accused in 1679 in the Affaire des Poisons of having plotted with La Voisin to poison Louise de La Vallière, of having poisoned her husband, three servants, as well as the king's former sister-in-law Henrietta of England. She was even said to have threatened the King himself with the words, "come back to me, or you will be sorry".

She was asked to leave the royal court in January 1680 and immediately left France for Brussels, thereby avoiding arrest and being put to trial for involvement in the Affaire des Poisons.

She applied in 1682 for permission to return to France, but was not allowed.

She continued from Brussels to Spain, where she was well received and lived from 1686 to 1689, being celebrated by Spanish high society and receiving French guests in her salon. In 1690 she was suspected of having poisoned Queen Maria Luisa of Spain.

On 23 January 1690 she was ordered to leave the Spanish court; she moved back to Brussels, claiming her innocence. Occasionally she travelled to England with her two sisters Marie and Hortense. In Brussels she gave her patronage to musicians Pietro Antonio Fiocco and Henry Desmarest. She died in Brussels on October 9, 1708, just three months after her son Eugene's victory at The Battle of Oudenarde on July 11, 1708, which was her 70th birthday. More on Olympia Mancini

Constantijn Netscher, The Hague 1668 - 1723
Anna Maria (Marie) Mancini, (1639-1715)
Oil on canvas
53.8 x 42.1 cm.; 21⅛ x 16⅝ in.
Private collection

Anna Maria (Marie) Mancini (28 August 1639 – 8 May 1715) was the third of the five Mancini sisters; nieces to Cardinal Mazarin who were brought to France to marry advantageously. The Mancini sisters were known at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes.

Mancini was born on 28 August 1639 and grew up in Rome. Her father was Baron Lorenzo Mancini. After his death in 1650, her mother brought her daughters from Rome to Paris in the hope of using the influence of her brother, Cardinal Mazarin, to gain them advantageous marriages.

Marie Anne married Maurice Godefroy de la Tour d'Auvergne, duc de Bouillon, a nephew of the famous field marshal Turenne.

In France, Anna Maria's name was gallicized to Marie. "Dark, vivacious and beautiful," Marie captured the biggest prize of the French court: the romantic love of Louis XIV.

Constantijn Netscher (16 December 1668, The Hague – 27 March 1723, The Hague), was an 18th-century painter from the Northern Netherlands.

Constantijn Netscher is known for his portraits, historical allegories and italianate landscapes.  Constantijn was also primarily a portrait artist, but his lighter palette and penchant for opulent drapery and rich costumes already places him stylistically among the artists of the 18th century.

Since 1686, he was a member of the guild at The Hague. Netscher was also a court painter in Württemberg and a very sought after portrait painter in his day. More on Constantijn Netscher

Jacob Ferdinand Voet
 Marie Mancini, circa 1665
Oil on canvas
I have no further description, at this time

Marie did not consummate her relationship with the Sun King. His love for her was a somewhat idealistic one. Eventually, Cardinal Mazarin and the young king's mother, Anne of Austria, separated the couple, banishing Marie into exile in 1661.

Marie was sent away to marry an Italian prince, Lorenzo Onofrio Colonna, who remarked after their wedding night that he was surprised to find her still a virgin. The bridegroom had not expected to find "innocence among the loves of kings" 

After the birth of her third child, relations between Marie and her husband deteriorated. On 29 May 1672, fearing that her husband would kill her, Marie left Rome. In order to support herself, she wrote her memoirs. She did not return to Italy until her husband's death in 1689.

She died in Pisa and is buried in the church of the Holy Sepulchre there. More on Anna Maria (Marie) Mancini

Jacob Ferdinand Voet, (1639–1700)
Portrait of Hortense Mancini and her sister Marie
Oil on canvas
Height: 79.7 cm (31.3 in); Width: 119.3 cm (46.9 in)
Royal Collection

Hortense Mancini, Duchesse de Mazarin (6 June 1646 – 2 July 1699), was the one of the two of three female Martinozzi cousins at the court of King Louis XIV of France as the Mazarinettes.

Jacob Ferdinand Voet  (1639–1700)
Portrait of Hortense Mancini (1646-1699), Duchess of Mazarin, as Cleopatra, c. 17th century
Oil on canvas
Unidentified location

On 1 March 1661, fourteen-year-old Hortense was married to one of the richest men in Europe, Armand Charles de La Porte de La Meilleraye. Upon marriage to Hortense, he was granted the title of duc Mazarin. On the death of Cardinal Mazarin soon after, he gained access to his wife's huge inheritance, which included the Palais Mazarin in Paris, home to many pieces of fine art.

The marriage was not a success. Hortense was young, bright, and popular; Armand-Charles was miserly and extremely jealous, not to mention mentally unstable. 

Despite their differences, Hortense and her husband had four children.

Hortense fled to England in late 1675, accompanied by her pet parrot and her black page, Mustapha. Before long, she became the mistress of Charles II of England, following a considerable line of mistresses.

Hortense's term with the king was short. 

Her memoirs were probably written by the abbé de Saint-Réal from materials supplied by her.

Hortense may have committed suicide.] Her husband managed to continue the drama after her death; he carted her body around with him on his travels in France, before finally allowing it to be interred by the tomb of her uncle, Cardinal Mazarin. More on Hortense Mancini

Jacob Ferdinand Voet (c. 1639 – 26 September 1689) was a Flemish portrait painter. He had an international career, which brought him to Italy and France where he made portraits for an elite clientele. Voet is regarded as one of the best and most fashionable portrait painters of the Late Baroque.

Voet was born in Antwerp as the son of the painter Elias Voet. He travelled to Rome where he resided from 1663 to 1680. Voet became a member of the Bentvueghels, an association of mainly Dutch and Flemish artists active in Rome. 

In 1671-1672 Voet received a commission from Cardinal Chigi to paint portraits of a young woman who were prominent in Roman society. He created a first series of 37 portraits of the most enchanting women of Rome (‘Galleria delle Belle’ This started a rage for portraits of young women in Rome and abroad.

He was banned from the city by Pope Innocent XI who was scandalized by Voet's portraits of women portrayed with unseemly décolleté. He left Rome to Milan in 1680. He was in Florence in 1681. Subsequently he resided in Turin from 1682 to 1684. He returned to Antwerp in 1684. He left his hometown for Paris at some time between 1684 and 1686, and died there in 1689. More on Jacob Ferdinand Voet

Please visit my other blogs: Art CollectorMythologyMarine ArtPortrait of a Lady, The OrientalistArt of the Nude and The Canals of VeniceMiddle East Artists365 Saints and 365 Days, also visit my Boards on Pinterest

Images are copyright of their respective owners, assignees or others. Some Images may be subject to copyright

I don't own any of these images - credit is always given when due unless it is unknown to me. if I post your images without your permission, please tell me.

I do not sell art, art prints, framed posters or reproductions. Ads are shown only to compensate the hosting expenses.

If you enjoyed this post, please share with friends and family.

Thank you for visiting my blog and also for liking its posts and pages.

Please note that the content of this post primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.

No comments:

Post a Comment